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A Novel Pilot Spoofing Scheme via Intelligent Reflecting Surface Based On Statistical CSI
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  • Jie Yang ,
  • Xinsheng Ji ,
  • Kaizhi Huang ,
  • Xiaoli Sun ,
  • Xiaoming Xu ,
  • Feihu Wang ,
  • You Zhou ,
  • Lin Guo
Jie Yang
the School of Information Engineering University, the School of Information Engineering University, the School of Information Engineering University, the School of Information Engineering University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Xinsheng Ji
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Kaizhi Huang
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Xiaoli Sun
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Xiaoming Xu
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Feihu Wang
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Abstract

Pilot spoofing attack brings new challenges to physical layer secure transmission. However, this method will not work without any knowledge about the pilot sequence and active eavesdropping can be detected by constructing random pilot sequence. Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS), with the real-time programmable features for wireless channels, provides new possibilities for effective pilot spoofing. In this paper, the IRS is deployed near the legitimate users and the legitimate signal can always be passively reflected. Then the control strategy is embedded into the communication process under time-division duplex mode to assist eavesdroppers to conduct pilot spoofing.
By setting different phase shifts at the IRS during the uplink phase and downlink phase, the channel reciprocity disappears, and thus secure beamforming vector is biased towards the eavesdropper. Furthermore, in order to overhear more information, the average secrecy rate minimization problem based on statistical channel state information is established by carefully designing the phase shifts, which is non-trivial to solve. With alternating optimization and Charnes-Cooper transformation technique, the original problem is transformed into convex form and a near optimal solution is achieved. Finally, simulation results show that our proposed scheme can pose serious secure threat without any energy footprint. What’s more, if the IRS is not utilized by the internal users properly, it will bring more threat.
Dec 2021Published in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology volume 70 issue 12 on pages 12847-12857. 10.1109/TVT.2021.3120602