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Markov Jump Linear System Analysis of a Microgrid Operating in Islanded and Grid Tied Modes
  • Gilles Mpembele ,
  • Jonathan Kimball
Gilles Mpembele
Missouri University of Science and Technology

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Jonathan Kimball
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Abstract

The analysis of power system dynamics is usually conducted using traditional models based on the standard nonlinear differential algebraic equations (DAEs). In general, solutions to these equations can be obtained using numerical methods such as the Monte Carlo simulations. The use of methods based on the Stochastic Hybrid System (SHS) framework for power systems subject to stochastic behavior is relatively new. These methods have been successfully applied to power systems subjected to stochastic inputs. This study discusses a class of SHSs referred to as Markov Jump Linear Systems (MJLSs), in which the entire dynamic system is jumping between distinct operating points, with different local small-signal dynamics. The numerical application is based on the analysis of the IEEE 37-bus power system switching between grid-tied and standalone operating modes. The Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) representing the evolution of the conditional moments are derived and a matrix representation of the system is developed. Results are compared to the averaged Monte Carlo simulation. The MJLS approach was found to have a key advantage of being far less computational expensive.