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Low-Power, Low-Voltage Complex Gm-C Filter Structure With Self-Common-Mode Control
  • Phanumas Khumsat
Phanumas Khumsat
Prince of Songkla University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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This work develops a low-power and low-voltage differential Gm-C filter structure that effectively achieves selfcommon-mode control (SCC), including DC stabilization and common-mode (CM) rejection, without employing extra control circuitry. The structure relies upon an incorporation of voltageinverting amplifiers to make it inherently contain no CM positive feedback loops for DC stabilization, and to enable splitting of the core transconductors into pairs for CM signal rejection. A DC CM stability analysis reveals that stabilization of the SCC structure can be reached without any dedicated CM control circuitry. An analytical comparison on power consumption of a high-order lowpass Gm-C filter implemented using an inverter-based
transconductor for the SCC structure and the same transconductor with a CM control network (the Nauta’s technique) for the conventional structure indicates theoretical
overhead power saving by over 50%. Furthermore, an even
higher overhead power saving at over 70Ên be achieved in the complex SCC Gm-C filter because no additional inverting
amplifiers are required to eliminate CM positive feedback loops in the crossing transconductors for complexification. The impact of the inverting amplifiers on the noise and frequency characteristics as well as the compensation technique are outlined to enable design optimization. The SCC filter was verified via extensive simulations of a 5th-order 1.1-MHz elliptic complex filter in a 0.18-m CMOS process. As compared to the conventional filter counterpart with similar SNR (~63dB) and inband/out-of-band SFDRs (~52dB/56dB), the proposed structure yields an overhead power saving by 70% with an improved figure-of-merit over 40% under a 1-V supply.