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Reduced k-points based computationally efficient band structure approach for UTB device simulation
  • Ravi Solanki ,
  • Nalin Vilochan Mishra ,
  • Aditya S Medury
Ravi Solanki
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research

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Nalin Vilochan Mishra
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Aditya S Medury
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The accurate calculation of channel electrostatics parameters, such as charge density and potential, in ultra-thin body (UTB) devices requires self-consistent solution of the Poisson’s equation and the full band structure, which is channel material and thickness dependent. For cubic crystals like silicon, the semi-empirical sp3d5s* tight-binding (TB) model is preferred in device simulations, over the density functional theory, to obtain the full band structure because of being computationally less intensive and equally accurate. However, the computational time of the TB model scales non-linearly with the channel thickness and becomes cumbersome for silicon, beyond 5 nm, primarily because of the increasing size of the TB hamiltonian that needs to be solved over the entire k-space, in the irreducible Brillouin zone. In this work, we precisely identify those k-points corresponding to the energies close to the band minima, where the Fermi-Dirac probability significantly affects electrostatics parameters. This enables us to demonstrate a computationally efficient approach based on solving the hamiltonian only on those reduced number of k-points. The rigorous benchmarking of the channel electrostatics parameters obtained from this approach is performed with results from accurate full band structure simulations showing excellent agreement over a wide range of channel thicknesses, oxide thicknesses, device temperatures and different channel orientations. By showing that the approach presented in this work is computationally efficient, besides being accurate, regardless of the number of atomic layers, we demonstrate its applicability for simulating UTB devices.