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A Unified Study on L1 over L2 Minimization
  • Min Tao ,
  • Xiao-Ping Zhang
Min Tao
Nanjing University, Nanjing University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Xiao-Ping Zhang
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Abstract

In this paper, we carry out a unified study for L_1 over L_2 sparsity promoting models, which are widely used in the regime of coherent dictionaries for recovering sparse nonnegative/arbitrary signal. First, we provide the exact recovery condition on both the constrained and the unconstrained models for a broad set of signals. Next, we prove the solution existence of these L_{1}/L_{2} models under the assumption that the null space of the measurement matrix satisfies the $s$-spherical section property. Then by deriving an analytical solution for the proximal operator of the L_{1} / L_{2} with nonnegative constraint, we develop a new alternating direction method of multipliers based method (ADMM$_p^+$) to solve the unconstrained model. We establish its global convergence to a d-stationary solution (sharpest stationary) and its local linear convergence under certain conditions. Numerical simulations on two specific applications confirm the superior of ADMM$_p^+$ over the state-of-the-art methods in sparse recovery. ADMM$_p^+$ reduces computational time by about $95\%\sim99\%$ while achieving a much higher accuracy compared to commonly used scaled gradient projection method for wavelength misalignment problem.