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Mobility Digital Twin: Concept, Architecture, Case Study, and Future Challenges
  • Ziran Wang
Ziran Wang
Toyota Motor North America, Toyota Motor North America

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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A Digital Twin is a digital replica of a living or non-living physical entity, and this emerging technology attracted extensive attention from different industries during the past decade. Although a few Digital Twin studies have been conducted in the transportation domain very recently, there is no systematic research with a holistic framework connecting various mobility entities together. In this study, a Mobility Digital Twin (MDT) framework is developed, which is defined as an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based data-driven cloud-edgedevice framework for mobility services. This MDT consists of three building blocks in the physical space (namely Human, Vehicle, and Traffic), and their associated Digital Twins in the digital space. An example cloud-edge architecture is built with AmazonWeb Services (AWS) to accommodate the proposed MDT framework and to fulfill its digital functionalities of storage, modeling, learning, simulation, and prediction. The effectiveness of the MDT framework is shown through the case study of three digital building blocks with their key micro-services: the Human Digital Twin with user management and driver type classification, the Vehicle Digital Twin with cloud-based Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS), and the Traffic Digital Twin with traffic flow monitoring and variable speed limit.
15 Sep 2022Published in IEEE Internet of Things Journal volume 9 issue 18 on pages 17452-17467. 10.1109/JIOT.2022.3156028