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Towards Open-Set Text Recognition via Label-to-Prototype Learning
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  • Chang Liu ,
  • Chun Yang ,
  • Hai-bo Qin ,
  • Xiaobin Zhu ,
  • Xu-Cheng Yin
Chang Liu
University of Science and Technology Beijing

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Chun Yang
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Hai-bo Qin
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Xiaobin Zhu
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Xu-Cheng Yin
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Abstract

Scene text recognition is a popular topic and can benefit various tasks. Although many methods have been proposed for the close-set text recognition challenges, they cannot be directly applied to open-set scenarios, where the evaluation set contains novel characters not appearing in the training set. Conventional methods require collecting new data and retraining the model to handle these novel characters, which is an expensive and tedious process. In this paper, we propose a label-to-prototype learning framework to handle novel characters without retraining the model. In the proposed framework, novel characters are effectively mapped to their corresponding prototypes with a label-to-prototype learning module. This module is trained on characters with seen labels and can be easily generalized to novel characters. Additionally, feature-level rectification is conducted via topology-preserving transformation, resulting in better alignments between visual features and constructed prototypes while having a reasonably small impact on model speed. A lot of experiments show that our method achieves promising performance on a variety of zero-shot, close-set, and open-set text recognition datasets.
Feb 2023Published in Pattern Recognition volume 134 on pages 109109. 10.1016/j.patcog.2022.109109