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Low-Complexity Adaptive Blind Spectrum Sensing for mmWave Full Duplex Cognitive Radio over Time-Varying Channels
  • Andrea Tani,
  • Dania Marabissi
Andrea Tani
Dpt. of Information Engineering, University of Florence Via di S. Marta

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Dania Marabissi
Dpt. of Information Engineering, University of Florence Via di S. Marta


Full-duplex Cognitive Radio (FD-CR) technology has the potential to significantly improve the spectral efficiency of next-generation wireless systems. However, residual self-interference (RSI), unavoidable in FD systems, represents a colored noise, particularly at mm-wave frequencies. This fact affects blind Spectrum Sensing (SS) algorithms, preventing them from maintaining a constant false alarm rate (CFAR). This causes a power-throughput trade-off resulting in significant performance degradation. Detection in colored noise has been addressed in the literature through time-domain whitening aided by offline training. However, this method is ineffective in the presence of time-varying self-interference (SI). Our paper proposes an adaptive filter-based whitening approach to allow a blind SS to retain the CFAR property in mobile scenarios without the need for offline training. Focusing on low-complexity adaptive filtering, we analytically demonstrate that both the Least Mean Squares (LMS) and the Recursive Least Squares Lattice (RLSL) filters enable the sphericity test to achieve the CFAR property in typical FD-CR scenarios. We highlight the advantages of RLSL over LMS, including faster convergence, superior tracking, and modularity, making it suitable for effective implementation, as well as for efficient low-complexity SI cancellation. Numerical results confirm superior performance in high RSI power scenarios compared to offline solutions and LMS.
18 Dec 2023Submitted to TechRxiv
22 Dec 2023Published in TechRxiv