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Machine Intelligence in Africa: a survey
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  • Hamidou Tembine ,
  • Allahsera Auguste Tapo,
  • Sidy Danioko,
  • Ali Traoré
Hamidou Tembine

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Allahsera Auguste Tapo
Sidy Danioko
Ali Traoré


In the last 5 years, the availability of large audio datasets in African countries has opened unlimited opportunities to build machine intelligence (MI) technologies that are closer to the people and speak, learn, understand, and do businesses in local languages, including for those who cannot read and write. Unfortunately, these audio datasets are not fully exploited by current MI tools, leaving several Africans out of MI business opportunities. Additionally, many state-of-the-art MI models are not culture-aware, and the ethics of their adoption indexes are questionable. The lack thereof is a major drawback in many applications in Africa. This paper summarizes recent developments in machine intelligence in Africa from a multi-layer multiscale and culture-aware ethics perspective, showcasing MI use cases in 54 African countries through 400 articles on MI research, industry, government actions, as well as uses in art, music, the informal economy, and small businesses in Africa. The survey also opens discussions on the reliability of MI rankings and indexes in the African continent as well as algorithmic definitions of unclear terms used in MI.
03 Jan 2024Submitted to TechRxiv
18 Jan 2024Published in TechRxiv