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A Compact Low Power Multi-mode Spiking Neuron using Band to Band Tunneling
  • +2
  • Abhishek A. Kadam,
  • Ajay K Singh,
  • Laxmeesha Somappa,
  • Maryam Shojaei Baghini,
  • Udayan Ganguly
Abhishek A. Kadam
† ‡ § ¶ Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Ajay K Singh
† ‡ § ¶ Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Laxmeesha Somappa
† ‡ § ¶ Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Maryam Shojaei Baghini
† ‡ § ¶ Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Udayan Ganguly
† ‡ § ¶ Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Abstract

Efficient and compact neurons with low power consumption are crucial when designing large-scale spiking neural networks (SNNs) for hardware implementation. Many architectures in the literature showcase different spike patterns associated with biological neurons. However, using bulky capacitors to generate the different time constants related to complex neuron patterns makes these circuits area inefficient. This paper presents a band-to-band-tunneling (BTBT) based energy-efficient and compact neuron capable of producing various spike patterns. The BTBT region's extremely low current enables different time constants while eliminating the need of bulky capacitors. The circuit is based on the Izhikevich neuron model. The proposed circuit is designed in Silicon on Insulator technology to exhibit important firing patterns observed in the biological cortex, viz. regular spiking, fast-spiking, and chattering, and it is fine-tuned for efficient operation at low subthreshold voltages. This circuit utilizes only 129 μm 2 area and consumes only 6.7 fJ energy per spike (approximately 40% lower area and energy per spike than state-of-the-art multi-mode neurons) in G45RFSOI technology.
14 May 2024Submitted to TechRxiv
20 May 2024Published in TechRxiv