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Cronyism and Favoritism in appointing faculty in Higher Education System: A Critical Review
  • Dr. Bharat Dhiman
Dr. Bharat Dhiman

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Aristotle stated that all communities aimed at “the good” thing and take “the best” as a goal (Aristotle, 1983). Favoritism occurs when a civil servant helps his/her relatives illegally and unjustly, backs them (Özsemerci, 2002), or treats anyone or any group of people better than others regardless of their high professional performance. Favoritism, a reality in many countries, shows underdevelopment in democracy and is a major reason for lack of productivity (Kim, 2004). Cronyism and favoritism are hidden forms of corruption, which lead directly to the conflict of interest and create corruption risks in the exercise of official powers.
Cronyism and favoritism in appointing faculty in the higher education system are unethical practices that can have detrimental effects on the quality and integrity of education. Such practices involve showing favoritism towards individuals based on personal connections, rather than their academic qualifications and achievements, practical skills, and merit. Cronyism and favoritism can result in the appointment of underqualified or incompetent faculty members, which can negatively impact the learning experience of students and the overall reputation of the educational institution and the society.
The consequences of cronyism and favoritism in appointing faculty in the higher education system can be significant. It can result in a decline in the quality of education, as underqualified or incompetent faculty members may not possess the necessary skills, knowledge, or expertise to effectively teach and mentor students. It can also lead to unfair competition among faculty members, as those who are appointed based on merit may feel low self-esteem, lack of confidence, demoralized and discouraged, while those appointed through cronyism may lack motivation to perform their duties effectively.
To combat cronyism and favoritism in appointing faculty in the higher education system, it is important to establish merit-based hiring processes and transparency. This can include creating clear job descriptions and qualifications for faculty positions, advertising vacancies widely through proper channel, conducting fair and unbiased evaluations of candidates based on their qualifications, skills, experience and expertise, and involving multiple stakeholders in the hiring process to ensure checks and balances.
It is also crucial to promote a culture of integrity and ethical behavior in educational institutions, where appointments are made based on merit and the best interests of students and the institution as a whole. This review paper highlights the crucial factors of Cronyism and Favoritism in appointing faculty in Higher Education System.
21 May 2024Submitted to TechRxiv
28 May 2024Published in TechRxiv