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An Efficient Adaptive Fuzzy Hierarchical Sliding Mode Control Strategy for 6 Degrees of Freedom Overhead Crane
  • Linh Nguyen
Linh Nguyen
Federation University Australia

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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The paper proposes a new approach to efficiently control a three-dimensional overhead crane with six degrees of freedom (DoF). In addition to five usual output variables including three positions of the trolley, bridge and pulley and two swing angles of the hoisting cable, it is proposed to consider elasticity of the hoisting cable, which causes oscillation in the cable direction. That is, there exists $6^{th}$ under-actuated output in the crane system. To design an efficient controller for the six-DoF crane, it first employs the hierarchical sliding mode control approach, which not only guarantees stability but also minimizes sway and oscillation of the overhead crane when it transports a payload to desired location. Moreover, the unknown and uncertain parameters of the system caused by its actuator nonlinearity and external disturbances are adaptively estimated and inferred by utilizing the fuzzy inference rule mechanism, which results in efficient operations of the crane in real time. More importantly, stabilization of the crane controlled by the proposed algorithm is theoretically proved by the use of the Lyapunov function. The proposed control approach was implemented in the synthetic environment for the extensive evaluation, where the obtained results demonstrate its effectiveness.