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A Hybrid ConvLSTM-based Anomaly Detection Approach for Combating Energy Theft
  • Hong-Xin Gao ,
  • Stefanie Kuenzel ,
  • Xiao-Yu Zhang
Hong-Xin Gao
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Stefanie Kuenzel
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Xiao-Yu Zhang
Royal Holloway

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

In a conventional power grid, energy theft is difficult to detect due to limited communication and data transition. The smart meter along with big data mining technology leads to significant technological innovation in the field of energy theft detection. This paper proposes a convolutional long and shortterm memory (ConvLSTM) based energy theft detection (ETD) model to identify electricity theft users. In this work, electricity consumption data is reshaped quarterly into a 2-dimensional matrix and used as the sequential input to the ConvLSTM. The convolutional neural network (CNN) embedded into the long short-term memory (LSTM) can better learn the features of the data on different quarters, months, weeks, and days. Besides, the proposed model incorporates batch normalization. This allows the proposed ETD model to support raw format electricity consumption data input, reducing training time and increasing the efficiency of model deployment. The final experimental results show that the proposed ConvLSTM model exhibits good robustness. It outperforms the multilayer perceptron (MLP) and CNN-LSTM in terms of performance metrics and model generalization capability.
2022Published in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement volume 71 on pages 1-10. 10.1109/TIM.2022.3201569