A Comprehensive Review on Automatic Mobile Robots: Applications,
Perception, Communication and Control
In recent years, automatic mobile robots (AMR) have been widely
concerned in various fields, such as material handling, unmanned aerial
vehicle (UAV) cruise, automatic factories and so on. Compared with
traditional robots, an AMR bring system poses several challenges such as
adaptation to the environment, stable communication and robust control.
For example, when in a complex environment, it can observe the
surrounding environment in real time to avoid obstacles, and track the
target in real time to change its trajectory until the task is
completed, which improves the flexibility and mobility of the robot.
More importantly, AMR systems require supports from various technologies
including real-time positioning and navigation, trajectory planning,
target tracking, multi-agent systems, robot monitoring and so on. In the
near future, its geometric adaptability, design characteristics,
mobility, flexibility, obstacle avoidance and fault-tolerant control
will be further improved. This article gives a comprehensive elaboration
on the four aspects of AMR systems, namely, AMR applications, perception
technologies, robot communications, and control mechanisms. Future
research directions are also pointed out.