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Frequency representations of COVID-19 and Omicron using Quadrature Phase-Shift Keying (QPSK)
  • Khalid Aamir
Khalid Aamir
University of Sargodha

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


Omicron is a covid family virus of COVID-19 and Delta variant. The Omicron (B.1.1.529.) variant of COVID-19 is an extraordinary flow of infections globally and deadly, affecting the masses. The B.1.1.529 variant was first identified to WHO on November 24, 2021, from South Africa. In South Africa, the epidemiological condition has been determined by three different peaks in reported cases, the most recent of which was dominated by the Delta variant. Infections have risen sharply, corresponding with the discovery of the B.1.1.529 variant. The variant contains many mutations, some of which are potentially harmful. Preliminary research suggests that this variant has a higher risk of reinfection than other variants of concern. Nowadays, many scientists worldwide focus on problems that either improve existing methods used in DNA computing or suggest a new manner with a DNA computing approach. Many researchers are working on analyzing several aspects of Omicron from diverse fields. We have developed a frequency representation of Omicron to visualize its properties in the spectral domain.