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Revisiting Toroidal Dipolar Moment in Planar Metamaterial
  • Abhishek Kumar Jha ,
  • Adam Lamecki ,
  • Michal Mrozowski
Abhishek Kumar Jha
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Adam Lamecki
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Michal Mrozowski
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Abstract

This paper revisits the electric, magnetic, and toroidal dipolar moments in the metamaterial structure and presents the flatland design for generating a toroidal dipolar response for the electromagnetic plane wave at normal incidence. Based on the numerical analysis of the surface current, the electric field, the magnetic field, and the quantitative analysis of scattered power supported by the electromagnetic multipole theory, it is shown that the earlier design involving symmetric unit cells is not able to produce toroidal dipolar moment. This study resulted in a new design of a planar metasurface, which provides a toroidal response for a normal wave incidence. The scattered power calculated for the flatland metamaterials confirms the presence of toroidal moment in the proposed asymmetric structure. The scattered power due to the toroidal dipole in the proposed design is found to be at least 70 times and 8x108 times larger than the electric dipole and the magnetic dipole, respectively, in the z-direction.
Aug 2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques volume 71 issue 8 on pages 3508-3516. 10.1109/TMTT.2023.3284276