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Towards Steering Magnetic Nanoparticles in Drug Targeting Using a Linear Halbach Array
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  • Angelika Thalmayer ,
  • Samuel Zeising ,
  • Maximilian Lübke ,
  • Georg Fischer
Angelika Thalmayer
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Samuel Zeising
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Maximilian Lübke
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Georg Fischer
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Magnetic nanoparticles offer numerous promising biomedical applications, e. g. magnetic drug targeting. Here, magnetic drug carriers inside the human body are directed towards tumorous tissue by an external magnetic field. However, the success of the treatment strongly depends on the amount of drug carriers, reaching the desired tumor region. This steering process is still an open research topic. In this paper, the previous study of a linear Halbach array is extended by an additional Halbach array with different magnetization angles between two adjacent magnets and investigated numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. The Halbach arrays are arranged with permanent magnets and generate a relatively large region of a moderately homogeneous, high magnetic field while having a strong gradient. This results in a strong magnetic force, trapping many particles at the magnets. Afterwards, to avoid particle agglomeration, the Halbach array is flipped to its weak side. Therefore, the magnetic flux density, its gradient and the resulting magnetic force are computed for the different Halbach arrays with different constellations of magnetization directions. Since the calculation of the gradient can lead to high errors due to the used mesh in Comsol, the gradient was derived analytically by investigating two different fitting functions. Overall, the array with a 90° shifted magnetization performs best, changing the magnetic sides of the array easily and deflecting more particles. Besides, the results revealed that the magnetic force dominates directly underneath the magnets compared to the other existing forces on the SPIONS. Summarized, the results depict that the magnetic force and, thus, the region where the particles are able to get washed out, can be adjusted using low-cost permanent magnets.
21 Mar 2023Published in Advances in Radio Science volume 20 on pages 93-104. 10.5194/ars-20-93-2023