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Latent Similarity Identifies Important Functional Connections for Phenotype Prediction
  • Anton Orlichenko
Anton Orlichenko
Tulane University, Tulane University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

We present a new machine learning algorithm, Latent Similarity, and use it to predict subject (endo)phenotypes from fMRI data. fMRI can be used to predict dysfunctional mental states. In addition, endophenotypes are known to be predictive of disease status, and are of interest in developmental studies. However, fMRI studies often suffer from small cohort size and high feature dimensionality, making reproducible prediction challenging. The innovation of our algorithm is to combine a kernel similarity function with metric learning to increase the robustness of prediction. Our algorithm becomes robust by utilizing the N squared connections between the N subjects in the cohort, rather than the features of the N subjects themselves. We identify important functional connections in the default mode and uncategorized functional networks for predicting age, sex, and intelligence. We also find that only a few connections contain most of the information required for any predictive task. We believe that our algorithm can be beneficial in small sample size, high noise, high dimensionality settings.
Jun 2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering volume 70 issue 6 on pages 1979-1989. 10.1109/TBME.2022.3232964