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Deep Q‑Learning Based Resource Management in IRS-Assisted VLC Systems
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  • Ahmed Al Hammadi ,
  • Lina Bariah ,
  • Sami Muhaidat ,
  • Mahmoud Al-Qutayri ,
  • Paschalis C. Sofotasios ,
  • Merouane Debbah
Ahmed Al Hammadi
Khalifa University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Lina Bariah
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Sami Muhaidat
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Mahmoud Al-Qutayri
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Paschalis C. Sofotasios
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Merouane Debbah
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Visible Light Communication (VLC) is a promising enabling technology for the next-generation wireless networks, as it complements radio-frequency (RF)-based communications by providing wider bandwidth, higher data rates, and immunity to interference from electromagnetic sources. However, due to its unique characteristics, VLC is highly sensitive to the line-of-sight (LoS) blockage. Recently, intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has been proposed as an innovative solution that dynamically reconfigures the wireless environment. The present contribution proposes a two-stage resource management framework in an indoor VLC system: In the first stage, a maximum possible fairness (MPF) algorithm is presented in order to maximize the fairness amongst the users. In the second stage, deep Q-learning is exploited in order to maximize the overall spectral efficiency (SE). The corresponding numerical results have shown that the proposed DQL-MPF framework exhibits superior performance in terms of the overall SE, achieved at fast convergence rate. More specifically, when the noise power is high and the number of users is relatively large, the DQL-MPF algorithm achieves a more than tenfold overall SE compared to the Baseline scheme. Moreover, the synergy between the MPF and the DQL algorithms is investigated. To this end, we demonstrate that the MPF algorithm maximizes the fairness amongst the users while the DQL algorithm maximizes the overall SE and improves the robustness against the noise.