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Exploiting Cherenkov radiation with BGO-based metascintillators
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  • Riccardo Latella ,
  • Antonio Gonzalez ,
  • Daniel Bonifacio ,
  • Jose Maria Benlloch ,
  • Paul LECOQ ,
  • Georgios Konstantinou
Riccardo Latella
UPV, UPV

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Antonio Gonzalez
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Daniel Bonifacio
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Jose Maria Benlloch
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Paul LECOQ
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Georgios Konstantinou
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Abstract

In time-of-flight positron emission tomography (TOF-PET), the timing capabilities of the scintillation-based detector play an important role. An approach for fast timing is using the so-called metascintillators, which combine two materials leading to the synergistic blending of their favourable characteristics. An added effect for BGO-based metascintillators is taking advantage of better transportation of Cherenkov photons through UV-transparent materials such as plastic (type EJ232). To prove this, we use an optimized Coincidence Time Resolution (CTR) setup based on electronic boards with two output signals (timing and energy) and near-ultraviolet (NUV) and vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) from Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), along with different coupling materials. As a reference detector, we employed a 3×3×5 mm3 LYSO:Ce,Ca crystal pixel coupled with optical grease to a NUVHD SiPM. The evaluation is based on low threshold rise-time, energy and time of arrival of event datasets. Timing results of a BGO and EJ232 metapixel show Detector Time Resolutions (DTRs) of 159 ps for the full photopeak. We demonstrate the possibility of event discrimination using subsets with different DTR from the rising time distributions (RTD). Finally, we present the synergistic capability of metascintillators to enhance Cherenkov photons detection when used along with VUV-sensitive SiPMs.
Nov 2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Radiation and Plasma Medical Sciences volume 7 issue 8 on pages 810-818. 10.1109/TRPMS.2023.3310581