loading page

On the perceived realism of virtual textures rendered by a vibrotactile wearable ring display
  • Rebecca F.Friesen ,
  • Yasemin Vardar
Rebecca F.Friesen
Author Profile
Yasemin Vardar
Delft University of Technology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


Wearable tactile displays that relocate haptic feedback away from the fingertip can provide a much-needed sense of touch to interactions in virtual reality, while also leaving the fingertip free from occlusion for augmented and mixed reality tasks. However, the impact of relocation on perceptual sensitivity to dynamic changes in actuation during active movement remains unclear. In this work, we investigate the perceived realism of virtual textures rendered via vibrations relocated to the base of the index finger, and compare three different methods of modulating vibrations with active finger speed. Changing speed induced proportional scaling of either frequency or amplitude of vibration, or caused no scaling at all. In a series of psychophysical experiments, participants compared different types of modulation to each other, as well as to real 3D printed textured surfaces. Results suggest that frequency modulation results in more realistic sensations for coarser textures, whereas participants were less discerning of modulation type for finer textures.  Additionally, we presented virtual textures either fully virtually in midair or under augmented reality in which the finger was in contact with a flat surface; while we found no overall difference in experimental performance, participants were divided by a strong preference for one condition or the other.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Haptics on pages 1-11. 10.1109/TOH.2023.3304899