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RIS-Based Steerable Beamforming Antenna with Near-Field Eigenmode Feeder
  • Krishan Kumar Tiwari ,
  • Giuseppe Caire
Krishan Kumar Tiwari

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Giuseppe Caire
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We present a novel, power and hardware efficient, “reconfigurable” antenna system leveraging the eigenmodes of the over-the-air propagation matrix T from an active multi-antenna feeder (AMAF) placed in the near-field of a large reflective intelligent surface (RIS) to the RIS. We consider directive antenna elements with finite non-zero aperture constituting the two standard linear arrays (SLAs) - the AMAF and the RIS. We demonstrate the flexibility of the proposed architecture by showing that it is capable of generating radiation patterns for multiple applications such as very narrow beams with low side lobes for space-division multiple access communications, wide-angle beams for short range automotive sensing and sectorial beaconing, and monopulse patterns for radar angular tracking. A key parameter in our design is the AMAF-RIS distance which must be optimized and it is generally much less than the Rayleigh distance. Active RF amplification is done at the AMAF only with almost no signal splitting unlike conventional RF beamforming for massive MIMO systems in millimeter-wave (mmWave) and sub-teraHertz (sub-THz) bands. For a given AMAF aperture, the optimal AMAF-RIS distance increases as a function of the RIS size. The AMAF-RIS loss is compensated almost exactly by the larger aperture gain of the RIS leading to almost constant RIS gain with increasing RIS sizes. This allows to choose different beam angular selectivities with the same center beam gain.
28 May 2023Published in ICC 2023 - IEEE International Conference on Communications. 10.1109/ICC45041.2023.10279595