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Digital Phenotypes of Instability and Fatigue Derived from Daily Standing Transitions in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis
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  • Tyler VanDyk ,
  • Brett Meyer ,
  • Paolo DePetrillo ,
  • Nicole Donahue ,
  • Aisling O'Leary ,
  • Sam Fox ,
  • Nick Cheney ,
  • Melissa Ceruolo ,
  • Andrew Solomon ,
  • Ryan McGinnis
Tyler VanDyk
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Brett Meyer
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Paolo DePetrillo
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Nicole Donahue
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Aisling O'Leary
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Nick Cheney
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Melissa Ceruolo
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Andrew Solomon
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Ryan McGinnis
University of Vermont

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Impairment in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) can often be attributed to symptoms of motor instability and fatigue. Symptom monitoring and queued interventions often target these symptoms. Clinical metrics are currently limited to objective physician assessments or subjective patient reported measures. Recent research has turned to wearables for improving the objectivity and temporal resolution of assessment. Our group has previously observed wearable assessment of supervised and unsupervised standing transitions to be predictive of fall-risk in PwMS. Here we extend the application of standing transition quantification to longitudinal home monitoring of symptoms. Subjects (N=23) with varying degrees of MS impairment were recruited and monitored with accelerometry for a total of ~6 weeks each. These data were processed using a deep learning activity classifier to isolate periods of standing transition from which descriptive features were extracted for analysis. Participants completed daily and biweekly assessments describing their symptoms. From these data, Canonical Correlation Analysis was used to derive digital phenotypes of MS instability and fatigue. We find these phenotypes capable of distinguishing fallers from non-fallers, and further that they demonstrate a capacity to characterize symptoms at both daily and sub-daily resolutions. These results represent promising support for future applications of wearables, which may soon augment or replace current metrics in longitudinal monitoring of PwMS.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering volume 31 on pages 2279-2286. 10.1109/TNSRE.2023.3271601