loading page

On the Number of Maintenance Cycles in Systems with Critical and Non-Critical Components
  • Guanchen Li ,
  • Dimitri Kagaris
Guanchen Li
Southern Illinois University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Dimitri Kagaris
Author Profile


We present a novel mathematical framework for computing the number of maintenance cycles in a system with critical and non-critical components, where “critical” (CR) means that the component’s failure is fatal for the system’s operation and renders any more repairs inapplicable, whereas “non-critical” (NC) means that the component  can undergo corrective maintenance (replacement or minimal repair) whenever it fails, provided that the CR component is still in operation. Whenever the NC component fails, the CR component can optionally be preventively replaced.
We extend traditional renewal theory (whether classical or generalized) for various maintenance scenarios for a system composed of one CR and one NC component in order to compute the average number of renewals of NC under the restriction (“bound”) necessitated by CR.
We also develop approximations in closed form for the proposed “bounded” renewal functions. We validate our formulas by simulations on a variety of component lifetime distributions, including actual lifetime distributions of wind turbine components.