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Multi-Feature Collaborative Fusion Network with Deep Supervision for SAR Ship Classification
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  • hao zheng ,
  • Zhigang Hu ,
  • Liu Yang ,
  • Aikun Xu ,
  • Meiguang Zheng ,
  • Keqin Li
hao zheng
central south university

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Zhigang Hu
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Meiguang Zheng
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Abstract

Multi-feature SAR ship classification aims to build models that can process, correlate, and fuse information from handcrafted features and deep features. Although handcrafted ones provide rich expert knowledge, current fusion methods do not thoroughly investigate the relatively important of handcrafted features with deep features, feature contribution imbalance, and the way features learn collaboratively. In this paper, a novel multi-feature collaborative fusion network with deep supervision (MFCFNet) is proposed to effectively realize handcrafted feature and deep feature fusion in SAR ship classification task. Specifically, our framework mainly includes two types of feature extraction branches, a knowledge supervision and collaboration module, and a feature fusion and contribution assignment module. The former module improves the feature map quality learned by each branch through auxiliary feature supervision, and introduces synergy loss to facilitate the information interaction between deep features and handcrafted features. The latter utilizes an attention mechanism to adaptively balance the importance among various features, and to assign the corresponding feature contribution to the total loss function based on the generated feature weights. We conduct extensive experimental and ablation studies on two public OpenSARShip-1.0 and FUSAR-Ship datasets, and the results show that MFCFNet is effective and outperforms single deep feature and multi-feature models based on previous Internal FC Layer and Terminal FC Layer fusion, and exhibits better performance than the current state-of-the-art methods.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing volume 61 on pages 1-14. 10.1109/TGRS.2023.3297648