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Computing Technologies for Resilience, Sustainability and Resistance
  • Hēmi Whaanga ,
  • Te Taka Keegan ,
  • Petera Hudson
Hēmi Whaanga
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Te Taka Keegan
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Petera Hudson
Massey University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Māori, an indigenous person of Aotearoa/New Zealand, has long used computing technologies for cultural resilience, linguistic survival, social revitalisation and resistance, and economic sustainability. Individuals have used various technologies, hapū, subtribe, iwi, tribe, academic institutes, innovators, activists, communities, industry leaders, computer scientists, programmers, historians, geographers, translators, linguists and te reo Māori, the Māori language teachers as a mechanism to connect Māori to their language, whakapapa, genealogy, whānau, family, and mātauranga, knowledge, culture and identity (T.T. Keegan and Sciascia 2018; Whaanga, Keegan, and Apperley 2017; Whaanga, Mato, and Keegan 2021). In this paper, we highlight some of the ICT initiatives Māori have undertaken and highlighted some of the real successes that we have had over the past three decades, from Te Wahapū, translations of the Microsoft and Google, to the Niupepa, Māori Newspaper collection, to some of the work that is currently being done in the areas of xR which encompasses augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and mixed reality (MR), machine learning techniques, text-to-speech and speech-to-text conversion, and social media platforms.