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Optimizing representations of multiple simultaneous attributes for gait generation using deep learning
  • Abhishek Sharma ,
  • Eric Rombokas
Abhishek Sharma
University of Washington Seattle

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Eric Rombokas
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Abstract

Rich variations in gait are generated according to several attributes of the individual and environment, such as age, athleticism, terrain, speed, personal ”style”, mood, etc. The effects of these attributes can be hard to quantify explicitly, but relatively straightforward to sample. We seek to generate gait that expresses these attributes, creating synthetic gait samples that exemplify a custom mix of attributes. This is difficult to perform manually, and generally restricted to simple, human-interpretable and handcrafted rules. In this manuscript, we present neural network architectures to learn representations of hard to quantify attributes from data, and generate gait trajectories by composing multiple desirable attributes. We demonstrate this method for the two most commonly desired attribute classes: individual style and walking speed. We show that two methods, cost function design and latent space regularization, can be used individually or combined. We also show two uses of machine learning classifiers that recognize individuals and speeds. Firstly, they can be used as quantitative measures of success; if a synthetic gait fools a classifier, then it is considered to be a good example of that class. Secondly, we show that classifiers can be used in the latent space regularizations and cost functions to improve training beyond a typical squared-error cost.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering volume 31 on pages 2296-2305. 10.1109/TNSRE.2023.3273599