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The Effect of Coil to Cortex Distance and Induced Electric Field Strength on Resting Motor Thresholds in Schizophrenia Patients
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  • Connor Lewis ,
  • Emily Cheng ,
  • Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta ,
  • Anand Pandurangi ,
  • Ravi Hadimani
Connor Lewis
Virginia Commonwealth University

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Emily Cheng
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Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta
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Anand Pandurangi
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Ravi Hadimani
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Abstract

Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a noninvasive neuromodulation technique utilized to treat several neuropsychiatric disorders. Schizophrenia patients typically experience positive and negative symptoms, which are commonly treated with antipsychotic medications. Repetitive (r)TMS is explored to alleviate these symptoms by modulating cortical excitability. TMS stimulation strength is determined by the resting motor threshold (RMT), which is determined from single pulse stimulation to the precentral gyrus region of the brain. In this study, 62 schizophrenia and 41 healthy participants’ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to create anatomically accurate head models. Head models were then used to calculate the coil-to-cortex distance (CCD), gray matter volume (GMV), and finite element analysis was performed to calculate the induced electric field strength (EFS) and depolarized gray matter volume (DGMV). These MRI-derived parameters were then evaluated to establish their relationship with clinically collected RMT in both healthy and schizophrenia populations. In both populations, RMT correlated with CCD, EFS, and DGMV. Our hypothesis that the presence of schizophrenia would have a negative impact on the influence of MRI model-driven parameters was largely supported. Future investigations into RMT variability should incorporate structural connectivity using white matter-based fiber tractography and functional connectivity.
Nov 2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics volume 59 issue 11 on pages 1-5. 10.1109/TMAG.2023.3282784