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New distance for any finite sets, half the Hamming distance
  • Jamolidin Abdurakhmanov
Jamolidin Abdurakhmanov
Andijan State University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

In this paper, we introduce a new, previously unknown, distance (i.e., a new metric) in a set whose elements are some other (any) finite sets. It is proved that with such a metric the set under consideration is a metric space. A direct relationship is established between this distance and the Hamming distance: it is exactly two times smaller than the Hamming distance and it is much easier to calculate it. As an application, the set of natural numbers is considered as a discrete metric space with a new metric introduced, and a new metric criterion for the primality of a natural number is established. This is the first metric criterion in the history of mathematics for a natural number to be prime.