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A Tactile Sensing Concept for 3D Displacement and 3D Force Measurement using Light Angle and Intensity Sensing
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  • Olivia Leslie ,
  • David Córdova Bulens ,
  • Pablo Martinez Ulloa ,
  • Stephen J. Redmond
Olivia Leslie
Univerisity College Dublin

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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David Córdova Bulens
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Pablo Martinez Ulloa
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Stephen J. Redmond
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Abstract

This paper proposes an optical-based tactile sensor design concept, which uses a light angle and intensity sensor to infer force and displacement from deformations of a silicone pillar. The proposed design uses a simple, low?cost fabrication method with an overall small-scale form factor. The sensor can measure 3D displacement, 3D force, and vibration. The overall displacement estimation error (mean ± SD) in the X, Y, and Z axes was 40.2 µm ± 34.8 µm, 4.0 µm ± 55.3 µm and 13.3 µm ± 11.8 µm, respectively, over a full-scale lateral displacement of 1 mm radius in X and Y and 2.2 mm compression in Z. The overall force estimation error (mean ± SD) was 38.3 ± 29.6 mN, 40.1 ± 29.4 mN and 0.074 ±61.9 mN for a full-scale force of approximately 2 N in X or Y, and 6 N in Z. Sensitivity to vibrations in the range of 10-950 Hz was also evaluated showing good sensitivity over this entire range. This new sensing approach could be of benefit in robotic manipulation applications, as it could be easily arrayed and/or integrated into the fingers of a robotic gripper to sense slip events and measure load and grip forces and torques.
15 Sep 2023Published in IEEE Sensors Journal volume 23 issue 18 on pages 21172-21188. 10.1109/JSEN.2023.3293967