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Multi-User IR-HARQ Latency and Resource Optimization for URLLC
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  • Rafael Santos ,
  • Daniel Castanheira ,
  • Adão Silva ,
  • Atílio Gameiro
Rafael Santos
Instituto de Telecomunicações

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Daniel Castanheira
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Adão Silva
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Atílio Gameiro
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Abstract

The ultra-reliable low-latency communications (URLLC) tight latency requirements paired with transmission of small payload packets motivates the development of techniques that reduce or eliminate the need for dynamic scheduling. This justifies the study of grant free (GF) leveraged techniques in order to reduce both the latency and control signaling overhead. Previous works considered preallocating resources not only for the first transmission, but also for all possible IR-HARQ transmissions, effectively reducing the scheduling latency and control signaling overhead. However, this has several drawbacks, as it translates into wasted resources. To address these issues, we propose a group-based preallocation method combined with IR-HARQ. Initially, a pool of preallocated resources is assigned to a group of users, which then cooperatively use IR-HARQ feedback signals to distribute, on the fly, the resources amongst them without collisions. The proposed method has two phases: a preallocation phase that takes place once at the group formation stage and a transmission phase which happens at each uplink transmission. The transmission parameters for all possible transmission scenarios are selected at the preallocation stage, with the goal of reducing the latency under reliability and energy constraints. The transmission parameters are obtained through a constrained latency optimization procedure, which considers the stochastic nature of the underlying process. We prove that, asymptotically, the proposed scheme is able to reduce the latency, at least, down to the average latency of any single user (SU) HARQ.  The numerical results show that the latency and resources wastage is significantly reduced comparatively to single user IR-HARQ with preallocated resources.