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High-Efficiency CMOS Charge Pump for Ultra-Low Power RF Energy Harvesting Applications
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  • Ashik Jaymon ,
  • Ankur Mukherjee ,
  • Sai Chandra Teja R ,
  • Ashudeb Dutta
Ashik Jaymon
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Ankur Mukherjee
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Sai Chandra Teja R
Green PMU Semi Private Limited

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Ashudeb Dutta
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Abstract

This paper explicates the design and implementation of a switch capacitor DC-DC converter system for  Radio Frequency (RF) energy harvesting applications for an input voltage in the sub-150mV range, using 180-nm CMOS triple-well BCD technology. The proposed system incorporates a charge pump architecture that employs an improvised Dynamic Gate Biasing (DGB), Forward and Reverse Body Bias technique (FRBB), along with a time axis symmetrical clocking scheme implemented using an advanced bootstrapped CMOS driver to enhance the overall drive capability of the system at low input voltages. Post-layout extracted simulations demonstrate that the proposed system achieves higher overall efficiency, delivering a peak Power Conversion Efficiency (PCE) of 85.8% at 125mV input voltage, outperforming other state-of-the-art architectures in similar voltage ranges. Moreover, the proposed system exhibits reliable operation even at input voltages as low as 85mV, while maintaining good overall efficiency.