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Raw camera data object detectors: an optimisation for automotive processing and transmission
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  • Pak Hung Chan ,
  • Chuheng Wei ,
  • Anthony Huggett ,
  • Valentina Donzella
Pak Hung Chan
WMG

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Chuheng Wei
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Anthony Huggett
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Valentina Donzella
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Abstract

Whilst Deep Neural Networks have been developing swiftly, most of the research has been focused on RGB image. This type of image has been traditionally optimised for human vision. However, RGB data is a highly re-elaborated and interpolated version of the collected raw data (i.e. the sensor collects one value per pixel), but an RGB image for human viewing contains 3 values, for red, green, and blue. This processing through the ISP (Image Signal Processing) requires computational resource, time, power and obviously increases by a factor of three the amount of output data. This work investigates Deep Neural Network based detection using (for training and evaluation) Bayer data, generated in different ways, from a benchmarking automotive dataset (i.e. KITTI dataset). A Deep Neural Network (DNN) is deployed in unmodified form, and also modified to accept only single field images, such as Bayer frames. Eleven different re-trained version of the DNN are produced, and cross-evaluated across different data formats. The results demonstrate that the selected DNN has the same accuracy when evaluating RGB or Bayer data, without significant degradation in the perception (the variation of the Average Precision is <1%). Moreover, the colour filter array position and the colour correction matrix do not seem to contribute significantly to the DNN performance. This work demonstrates that Bayer data can be used for object detection in automotive without significant performance loss, and that the processing currently used in ISP can be avoided, allowing for more efficient sensing-perception systems.