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Exploiting the Quantum Advantage for Satellite Image Processing: Quantum Resource Estimation
  • Soronzonbold Otgonbaatar ,
  • Dieter Kranzlmüller
Soronzonbold Otgonbaatar
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Dieter Kranzlmüller
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We first review the current state of the art of quantum computing for Earth observation (EO) and satellite images. There are the persisting challenges of profiting from quantum advantage, and finding the optimal sharing between high-performance computing (HPC) and quantum computing (QC), i.e. the HPC+QC paradigm, for computational EO problems. Secondly, we assess some parameterized quantum circuit models transpiled into a Clifford+T universal gate set, where the Clifford+T quantum gate set sheds light on the quantum resources required for deploying quantum models either on an HPC system or several QCs. If the Clifford+T quantum gate set cannot be simulated efficiently on an HPC system then we can apply a quantum computer and its computational power over conventional computers. Our resulting quantum resource estimation demonstrates that Quantum Machine Learning (QML) models having a sufficient number of T-gates provide the quantum advantage if and only if they generalize on unseen data points better than their classical counterparts deployed on the HPC system and they break the symmetry in their weights at each learning iteration like in conventional deep neural networks. As an initial innovation, we estimate the quantum resources required for some QML models. Secondly, we define the optimal sharing between an HPC+QC system for executing QML models for Hyperspectral Satellite Images (HSIs); HSIs are a unique dataset compared to multispectral images to be deployed on quantum computers due to the limited number of their input qubits, and the commonly used small number of labeled benchmark HSIs.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Quantum Engineering on pages 1-9. 10.1109/TQE.2023.3338970