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Deciphering the Enigma: A Deep Dive into Understanding and Interpreting LLM Outputs
  • Yifei Wang
Yifei Wang
UC Berkeley

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

In the rapidly evolving domain of artificial intelligence, Large Language Models (LLMs) like GPT-3 and GPT-4 have emerged as monumental achievements in natural language processing. However, their intricate architectures often act as “Black Boxes,” making the interpretation of their outputs a formidable challenge. This article delves into the opaque nature of LLMs, highlighting the critical need for enhanced transparency and understandability. We provide a detailed exposition of the “Black Box” problem, examining the real-world implications of misunderstood or misinterpreted outputs. Through a review of current interpretability methodologies, we elucidate their inherent challenges and limitations. Several case studies are presented, offering both successful and problematic instances of LLM outputs. As we navigate the ethical labyrinth surrounding LLM transparency, we emphasize the pressing responsibility of developers and AI practitioners. Concluding with a gaze into the future, we discuss emerging research and prospective pathways that promise to unravel the enigma of LLMs, advocating for a harmonious balance between model capability and interpretability.