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Iterative Detection Schemes for Uplink Highly Loaded User-Centric Cell-Free Hybrid Beamforming Based Massive MIMO Networks
  • Metehan Karataş ,
  • Gökhan Muzaffer Güvensen
Metehan Karataş
Middle East Technical University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Gökhan Muzaffer Güvensen
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Abstract

In cell-free (CF) networks, access points (APs) jointly serve the user equipments (UEs). In user-centric (UC) variant, only a handful of APs serve a particular UE, namely the ones with the best channels. In this paper, we propose a hybrid beamforming uplink receiver scheme for highly loaded UC massive MIMO (mMIMO) networks, operating in millimeter-wave(mmWave) frequencies, employing single carrier modulation under frequency selective channels. Every AP employs its own analog beamformer (AB) called the modified eigen-beamformer (MEB), which promotes a trend of fairness. In the digital domain, two detectors are proposed; Cell-Free Iterative Detector (CFI-D) and User-Centric Iterative Subset-Detector (UCIS-D). CFI-D introduces the iterative block decision feedback equalization (IB-DFE) method for CF networks. UCIS-D is an alternative to CFI-D. UCIS-D is UC, has low computational complexity (CCP) and is scalable. UCIS-D relies on parallel interference cancellation (PIC) aided IB-DFE. Interfering UEs are divided into three sets. Weak interferers are processed with PIC, strong interferers with IB-DFE which considers the residual interference from PIC. Weakest interferers are ignored. Both PIC and IB-DFE utilize the soft decisions from previous iterations. Simulation results show that these receivers can handle ultra high loads in terms of bit-error-rate (BER) and achievable information rate (AIR).