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Power Optimization in Satellite Communication Using Multi-Intelligent Reflecting Surfaces
  • Muhammad Khalil
Muhammad Khalil
RMIT University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

This study introduces two innovative methodologies aimed at augmenting energy efficiency in satellite-to-ground communication systems through the integration of multiple Reflective Intelligent Surfaces (RISs). The primary objective of these methodologies is to optimize overall energy efficiency under two distinct scenarios. In the first scenario, denoted as Ideal Environment (IE), we enhance energy efficiency by decomposing the problem into two sub-optimal tasks. The initial task concentrates on maximizing power reception by precisely adjusting the phase shift of each RIS element, followed by the implementation of Selective Diversity to identify the RIS element delivering maximal power. The second task entails minimizing power consumption, formulated as a binary linear programming problem, and addressed using the Binary Particle Swarm Optimization (BPSO) technique. The IE scenario presupposes an environment where signals propagate without any path loss, serving as a foundational benchmark for theoretical evaluations that elucidate the systems optimal capabilities. Conversely, the second scenario, termed Non-Ideal Environment (NIE), is designed for situations where signal transmission is subject to path loss. Within this framework, the Adam algorithm is utilized to optimize energy efficiency. This non ideal setting provides a pragmatic assessment of the systems capabilities under conventional operational conditions. Both scenarios emphasize the potential energy savings achievable by the satellite RIS system. Empirical simulations further corroborate the robustness and effectiveness of our approach, highlighting its potential to enhance energy efficiency in satellite-to-ground communication systems.