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Depression Identification Using EEG Signals via a Hybrid of LSTM and Spiking Neural Networks
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  • Ali Sam ,
  • Reza Boostani ,
  • Mahsa Taghavi ,
  • Saeid Sanei
Ali Sam
Shiraz University

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Reza Boostani
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Mahsa Taghavi
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Saeid Sanei
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Depression severity can be classified into distinct phases based on the Beck depression inventory (BDI) test scores, a subjective questionnaire. However, quantitative assessment of depression may be attained through the examination and categorization of electroencephalography (EEG) signals. Spiking neural networks (SNNs), as the third generation of neural networks, incorporate biologically realistic algorithms, making them ideal for mimicking internal brain activities while processing EEG signals. This study introduces a novel framework that for the first time, combines an SNN architecture and a long short-term memory (LSTM) structure to model the brainâ\euro™s underlying structures during different stages of depression and effectively classify individual depression levels using raw EEG signals. By employing a brain-inspired SNN model, our research provides fresh perspectives and advances knowledge of the neurological mechanisms underlying different levels of depression. The methodology employed in this study includes the utilization of the synaptic time dependent plasticity (STDP) learning rule within a 3-dimensional braintemplate structured SNN model. Furthermore, it encompasses the tasks of classifying and predicting individual outcomes, visually representing the structural alterations in the brain linked to the anticipated outcomes, and offering interpretations of the findings. Notably, our method achieves exceptional accuracy in classification, with average rates of 98% and 96% for eyes-closed and eyes-open states, respectively. These results significantly outperform state-of-the-art deep learning methods.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering on pages 1-1. 10.1109/TNSRE.2023.3336467