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On the BER Analysis of NOMA Systems
  • Arafat Al Dweik ,
  • Youssef Iraqi,
  • Abla Bedoui
Arafat Al Dweik

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Youssef Iraqi
Abla Bedoui


The bit error rate (BER) analysis of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been widely considered in the literature with the assumptions of perfect and imperfect successive interference cancellation (SIC). For both cases, exact closed-form formulas were derived under various channel models, number of users, and modulation orders. However, all the analysis reported overlooked the transformations that affect the probability density function (PDF) of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) after the SIC process. Therefore, the signal model after the SIC process is generally inaccurate, which makes the analysis just approximations rather than exact because the noise after SIC is not Gaussian anymore. Therefore, this letter derives the exact noise PDF after the SIC process and evaluates its impact on the BER analysis. The analytical results obtained show that the noise PDF after SIC should be modeled as a truncated Gaussian mixture. Moreover, the PDF after successful and unsuccessful SIC should be modeled differently.
14 Dec 2023Submitted to TechRxiv
22 Dec 2023Published in TechRxiv