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Trust Aware Scheme based Malicious Nodes Detection under Cooperative Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Networks
  • Abhishek Kumar ,
  • Nitin Gupta ,
  • Riya Tapwal
Abhishek Kumar
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Nitin Gupta
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Riya Tapwal
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Emerging of Cognitive Radio (CR) technology has
provided optimistic solution for the dearth of spectrum by
improving the spectrum utilization. The opportunistic use of the spectrum is enabled by spectrum sensing which is one of the key functionality of CR systems. To perform the interference free transmission in a cognitive radio networks, an important part for unlicensed user is to identify a licensed user with the help of spectrum sensing. Recently, the Cooperative Spectrum Sensing has been widely used in the literature where various scattered unlicensed users collaborate with each other to make the final sensing decision. This overcome the hidden terminal problem
and also improve the overall reliability of the decisions made
about the presence or absence of a licensed user. Each unlicensed user send the sensing results to the base station for final decision. However there exist some nodes which do not provide the correct sensing results to maximize their own profit which can highly degrade the CR network functionality. In this paper, a trust aware model is proposed for detection of misbehaving nodes such that their sensing reports can be filter out from the final result. The performance evaluation of the proposed scheme is done by checking its robustness and efficiency against various possible attacks.