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User Scheduling and Passive Beamforming for FDMA OFDMA in Intelligent Reflecting Surface
  • Wei Jiang
Wei Jiang
DFKI - German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Most prior works on intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) merely consider point-to-point communications, including a single user, for ease of analysis. Nevertheless, a practical wireless system needs to accommodate multiple users simultaneously. Due to the lack of frequency-selective reflection, namely the set of phase shifts cannot be different across frequency subchannels, the integration of IRS imposes a fundamental challenge to frequency-multiplexing approaches such as frequency-division multiple access (FDMA) and the widely adopted technique called orthogonal FDMA (OFDMA). It motivates us to study (O)FDMA-based multi-user IRS communications to clarify which user scheduling and passive beamforming are favorable under this non-frequency-selective reflection environment. Theoretical analysis and numerical evaluation reveal that (O)FDMA does not need user scheduling when there are a few users. If the number of users becomes large, neither user scheduling nor IRS reflection optimization is necessary. These findings help substantially simplify the design of (O)FDMA-based IRS communications.