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Present Situation of Electrical Energy Demand, Supply, Projection of Demand-supply and Renewable Energy Utilization and Progress
  • Md Nazmul Islam
Md Nazmul Islam
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science & Technology University

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A brief overview of present electricity demand, supply, projection of them and renewable energy generation and progress has been presented in this paper. Electricity is the major source of power for most of the country’s economic activities. According to the Bangladesh Power Development Board in July 2018, 90 percent of the population had access to electricity. However per capita energy consumption in Bangladesh is considered low. The country has a very limited energy reserve; small amounts of oil, coal and countable natural gas reserves. The country suffers an internal energy struggle, as about 88% of the country’s power producing thermal plants are gas-based. To solve this problem, renewable energy is being used.