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Hybrid Cognitive-Radio NOMA with Blind Transmission Mode Identification and BER Constraints
  • Hamad Yahya ,
  • Emad Alsusa ,
  • Arafat Al-Dweik
Hamad Yahya
University of Manchester

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Emad Alsusa
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Arafat Al-Dweik
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The synergy of nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and cognitive radio (CR) can provide efficient spectrum utilization for future wireless networks and enable supporting heterogeneous quality of service (QoS) requirements. In this context, this article aims at evaluating the throughput of a downlink CR-NOMA network where the secondary user (SU) data is opportunistically multiplexed with the primary user (PU) data using power-domain NOMA. The data multiplexing process is constrained by the PU QoS requirements. The multiplexing process can be considered seamless with respect to the PU because its receiver design will generally remain unchanged. Moreover, we consider the case where the SU detects its own data by blindly identifying the adopted transmission mode (TM) at the base station, which can be PU orthogonal multiple access PU-OMA, SU-OMA, PU/SU-NOMA, and no transmission. Consequently, the network can be classified as a hybrid underlay-interweave. The detection process is considered blind because the SU does not receive side information about the adopted TM. The obtained analytical results corroborated by Monte Carlo simulation results show that the proposed CR-NOMA network can provide substantial throughput improvement over conventional NOMA networks, particularly at low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) because the unutilized PU spectrum can be used by the SU. Moreover, in good channel conditions the PU can tolerate some interference from the SU, which may improve the channel utilization significantly.