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Synergistic Integration of Machine Learning and Mathematical Optimization for Unit Commitment
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  • Peter Luh ,
  • Yonghong Chen ,
  • Bing Yan ,
  • Mikhail Bragin
University of Connecticut, University of Connecticut, University of Connecticut

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Peter Luh
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Yonghong Chen
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Mikhail Bragin
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Unit Commitment (UC) is important for power system operations. With increasing challenges, e.g., growing intermittent renewables and intra-hour net load variability, traditional mathematical optimization could be time-consuming. Machine learning (ML) is a promising alternative. However, directly learning good solutions is difficult in view of the combinatorial nature of UC. This paper synergistically integrates ML within our recent decomposition and coordination method of Surrogate Lagrangian Relaxation to learn “good enough” subproblem solutions of deterministic UC. Compared to original UC, a subproblem is much easier to learn. Nevertheless, predicting good-enough subproblem solutions is still challenging because of the “jumps” of binary decisions and many types of constraints. To overcome these issues, subproblem dimensionality is reduced via aggregating multipliers. Multiplier distributions are novelly specified based on “jumps” for effective learning. Loss functions are innovatively designed to improve prediction qualities. Ordinal Optimization and branch-and-cut are used as backups for unfamiliar cases. Furthermore, online self-learning is seamlessly integrated with offline learning to exploit solutions from daily operations. Results on the IEEE 118-bus system and the Polish 2383-bus system demonstrate that continual learning keeps on improving the subproblem-solving process with near-optimality of the overall solutions maintained. Our method opens a new direction to solve complicated UC.
2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems on pages 1-10. 10.1109/TPWRS.2023.3240106