loading page

Challenges in evaluating technological interventions for affect regulation
  • +3
  • Pardis Miri ,
  • James Gross ,
  • Daniel Yamins ,
  • Andero Uusberg ,
  • horia margarit ,
  • Tali Ball
Pardis Miri
Stanford University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
James Gross
Author Profile
Daniel Yamins
Author Profile
Andero Uusberg
Author Profile
horia margarit
Author Profile
Tali Ball
Author Profile


We evaluated whether a vibrotactile breathing pacer would influence two measures of affect during a cognitive stressor. In particular, we examined whether changes in breathing would be evident, and if so, whether these would mediate the effects of breathing pacer on self-report anxiety and skin conductance. Our results were surprising: although we observed the expected effects on breathing, we were unable to demonstrate that changes in breathing parameters were responsible for the observed changes in either self-report anxiety or skin conductance. In this paper, we investigate why we did not observe the expected effects. We believe our negative results have implications for evaluating technological interventions for affect regulation.
01 Jul 2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing volume 14 issue 3 on pages 2430-2442. 10.1109/TAFFC.2022.3175687