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Feasibility Analysis of Theranostic Magnetic Scaffolds for Microwave Monitoring of Hyperthermia Treatment of Bone Tumors
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  • Matteo Bruno Lodi ,
  • Nicola Curreli ,
  • Chiara Dachena ,
  • Alessandro Fedeli ,
  • Rosa Scapaticci ,
  • Andrea Randazzo ,
  • Matteo Pastorino ,
  • Alessandro Fanti
Matteo Bruno Lodi
University of Cagliari

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Nicola Curreli
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Chiara Dachena
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Alessandro Fedeli
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Rosa Scapaticci
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Andrea Randazzo
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Matteo Pastorino
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Alessandro Fanti
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Abstract

Magnetic biomaterials are multifunctional tools currently under investigation as theranostic platforms for biomedical applications. They can be implanted in bone tissue after bone cancer resection to perform local interstitial hyperthermia treatment. Given the requirements of high quality treatment, the hyperthermia therapy should be performed monitoring the system temperature, to avoid hot spots and control the treatment outcome. It is known that the magnetic properties of such implants vary with temperature. It is hypotesized that the treatment dynamic could be monitored using a microwave monitoring system. The variation of the electromagnetic properties of the biological tissues and the magnetic implant during the therapy would result in a different propagation of the microwave signal. This work investigates the feasibility of using microwaves to non-invasively monitor hyperthermia treatments with a simplified monodimensional propagation model. The forward problem is solved to identify the working frequencies, the matching medium properties and study several candidate materials. By using the numerical solutions from nonlinear and multiphysics simulations of the bone tumor hyperthermia treatment using magnetic scaffolds, the microwave signal propagation dynamic is studied. From our feasibility analysis, we found that it is possible to correlate the average tumor temperature with significant (~20 dB) variations in the transmission coefficient during a typical interstitial hyperthermia session using magnetic scaffolds. Our work brings together, for the first time, the electromagnetic material properties, the physio-pathology and physics of the hyperthermia treatment and the microwave propagation problem, thus paving the route for the development of an innovative theranostic system.
2023Published in IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology on pages 1-10. 10.1109/JERM.2023.3288741