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Probabilistic wind power forecasting resilient to missing values: an adaptive quantile regression approach
  • Honglin Wen
Honglin Wen
Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Abstract

Probabilistic wind power forecasting approaches have significantly advanced in recent decades. However, forecasters often assume data completeness and overlook the challenge of missing values resulting from sensor failures, network congestion, etc. Traditionally, this issue is addressed during the data preprocessing procedure using methods such as deletion and imputation. Nevertheless, these ad-hoc methods pose challenges to probabilistic wind power forecasting at both parameter estimation and operational forecasting stages. In this paper, we propose a resilient probabilistic forecasting approach that smoothly adapts to missingness patterns without requiring preprocessing or retraining. Specifically, we design an adaptive quantile regression model with parameters capable of adapting to missing patterns, comprising two modules. The first is a feature extraction module where weights are kept static and biases are designed as a function of missingness patterns. The second is a non-crossing quantile neural network module, ensuring monotonicity of quantiles, with higher quantiles derived by adding non-negative amounts to lower quantiles. The proposed approach is applicable to both missing-at-random and missing-not-at-random cases. Case studies demonstrate that our proposed approach achieves state-of-the-art results in terms of the continuous ranked probability score, with acceptable computational cost.
17 Dec 2023Submitted to TechRxiv
22 Dec 2023Published in TechRxiv