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Design of a Power-Dense Aviation Motor with a Low-Loss Superconducting Slotted Armature
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  • Runar Mellerud ,
  • Christian Hartmann ,
  • Casper Klop ,
  • Jonas Kristiansen Nøland
Runar Mellerud
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

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Christian Hartmann
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Casper Klop
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Jonas Kristiansen Nøland
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This article describes the design and analysis of a 2.5-MW, 5000-rpm electric motor with a slotted armature employing REBCO high-temperature superconductors (HTS). The alternating current and field in the armature induces AC losses in the superconductors, requiring cryogenic cooling. Therefore, the aim is to design a machine with sufficiently low losses to make this cooling realistic, which simultaneously outperforms the state-of-the-art. The reasoning behind the key design choices is presented before the model used for two-dimensional (2-D) finite element analysis (FEA) is described. Then, HTS AC losses are studied with the T-A-formulation, examining the impact of various operating conditions. Aligning the HTS tapes with the field was found to successfully reduce AC losses, while filamentization was only successful for more than 10 filaments. The final design had an estimated efficiency of 99.8%, an active torque density of 50.9 Nm/kg, and a cryogenic cooling power requirement of 0.05% of the output power.
Nov 2023Published in IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity volume 33 issue 8 on pages 1-13. 10.1109/TASC.2023.3316192