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Compact Wideband Groove Gap Waveguide Bandpass Filters Manufactured with Printing and CNC Milling Techniques
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  • Juan Hinojosa ,
  • Clara Máximo-Gutiérrez ,
  • Alejandro Alvarez Melcon ,
  • Jose Abad ,
  • Antonio Urbina
Juan Hinojosa
Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Clara Máximo-Gutiérrez
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Alejandro Alvarez Melcon
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Jose Abad
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Antonio Urbina
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Abstract

This paper presents for the first time a compact wideband bandpass filter in groove gap waveguide (GGW) technology. The structure is obtained by including metallic pins along the central part of the GGW bottom plate according to an n-order Chebyshev stepped impedance synthesis method. The bandpass response is achieved by combining the high-pass characteristic of the GGW and the low-pass behavior of the metallic pins, which act as impedance inverters. This simple structure together with the rigorous design technique allows reducing the manufacturing complexity for the realization of high-performance filters. These capabilities are verified by designing a fifth-order GGW Chebyshev bandpass filter with a bandwidth BW = 3.7 GHz and return loss RL = 20 dB in the frequency range of the WR-75 standard, and by implementing it using computer numerical control (CNC) machining and three-dimensional (3D) printing techniques. Three prototypes have been manufactured: one using a computer numerical control (CNC) milling machine and two others by means of a stereolithography-based 3D printer and a photopolymer resin. One of the two resin-based prototypes has been metallized from a silver vacuum thermal evaporation deposition technique, while for the other a spray coating system has been used. The three prototypes have shown a good agreement between the measured and simulated S-parameters, with insertion losses better than IL = 1.2 dB. Reduced size and high-performance frequency responses with respect to other GGW bandpass filters were obtained. These wideband GGW filter prototypes could have a great potential for future emerging satellite communications systems.