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Rejection-free Monte Carlo simulation of QUBO and Lechner--Hauke--Zoller optimization problems
  • Yoshihiro Nambu
Yoshihiro Nambu
NEC-AIST Quantum Technology Cooperative Research Laboratory

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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In this study, we implemented a rejection-free Monte Carlo (RFMC) algorithm, which is a kernel of rejection-free SA (RFSA). We showed its validity and advantage in obtaining globally optimal solution for quadratic unconstrained binary optimization (QUBO) and spin-glass problem embedded in the Lechner–Hauke–Zoller (LHZ) architecture. Landscapes of success probabilities of finding the globally optimal solution as well as feasible solutions were evaluated as a function of a set of hyper-parameters used to characterize the weights of cost and penalty functions. We demonstrated that the efficiency of RFMC was greatly enhanced compared to that of standard MC. Furthermore, we found that the landscapes for QUBO and those for LHZ problem show considerably different views. When we focus on a specific class of problems, the smaller the problem size, the more scattered is the success probability. We also show that the success probabilities can be further improved by avoiding inefficiencies due to cycling of state transitions using short-term memory mechanisms. We suggest a reasonable strategy to tune hyper-parameters and find the correct global solution using RFSA.
2022Published in IEEE Access volume 10 on pages 84279-84301. 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3197176